Research on climate
Climate research is the field that engages the majority of researchers at the Norwegian Polar Institute. The Un Climate Panel (IPCC) has shown that the planet is experiencing human-induced changes in the climate. The Polar Institute is mapping these changes and examining their consequences for the polar environment.
Climate research at the Norwegian Polar Institute is focusing particularly on sea ice, glaciers, oceanography and marine ecosystems, and much of the research is coordinated through the Centre for Ice, Climate and Ecosystems (ICE).
The Polar Institute performs research on the past climate as well as present-day physical processes in the sea, the sea ice and the ice on land. In Antarctica, our scientists have helped to acquire information on the climate by drilling ice cores from the thick inland ice sheet in Dronning Maud Land. The ice is a climate archive which “traps” gases in the atmosphere and provides knowledge that stretches 900 000 years back in time. Through its wide-ranging research programme, ICE Fimbulisen, ICE (the Centre for Ice, Climate and Ecosystems) supplies knowledge about the climate in Antarctica and the impact it may have on the rest of the planet. The formation of deep water and the sea ice is being studied in the Fram Strait, and the size (mass balance) of glaciers is being studied in Svalbard.
Knowledge about climate
In polar areas, changes in the sea ice, snow cover and glaciers are important observations which give us an impression of the changes in the climate.
Latest articles on climate
The Green Arctic – Plants as cornerstones in terrestrial ecosystems
Research gives new knowledge about the Atlantic overturning circulation
Scientist Laura de Steur of the Norwegian Polar Institute and her colleague Femke de Jong have done research that contributes to understanding the process of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC).
Institute Director featured in documentary on climate change
Director of the Norwegian Polar Institute, Dr. Jan-Gunnar Winther, participated in a two-part documentary on climate change, "Warmer", which premiered on the ABS-CBN News Channel in the Philippines 28 March 2016.
Polar bears in Svalbard in good condition – so far
The Norwegian Polar Institute has carried out a counting of polar bears in Svalbard. The results show that there are probably more polar bears than the last time the bears were counted.