Wildlife in the Antarctic

The vegetation in the Antarctic region consists largely of algae, lichens and mosses. Sea-birds in the Antarctic are closely related to the marine environment and get all their nourishment from this area. They spend their whole life at sea and are only on land during the breeding season. In the Antarctic there are three main groups of species that dominate among sea-birds. This is the penguin (seven species), albatros tendon (six species) and petrel (23 species).

Species

Emperor penguin

EMPEROR PENGUIN. Penguins make up 85% of the biomass of sea birds in Antarctica, and Emperor penguins are the largest penguin species. Photo: Tor Ivan Karlsen / Norwegian Polar Institute