Antarctica is the coldest, windiest and driest continent on Earth, and covers approx. 14 million km2. This area is doubled during the winter, when the sea ice extends almost 1000 km from the coast.
The ice on the continent can tell us how the climate has evolved over several hundred thousand years, and Antarctica is therefore an important reference area for international environmental research.
All activities in and visits to Antarctica must be done in accordance with the regulations set forth in the document on safety protection of the environment in Antarctica.
Environment and climate
So far, the Antarctic has been less affected by climate change than the Arctic, and the temperature in Antarctica is generally very low. Several factors contribute to this, including low solar radiation in winter, the ability to reflect solar radiation, the cooling effect of long wave radiation from the continent to the continent's and height above sea level.
Last articles on Antarctica
Norway in the Antarctic
The folder ”Norway in the Antarctic” is now available in a new and updated version.
Quantarctica – A free GIS package for Antarctica
Quantarctica is a collection of Antarctic geographical datasets which works with the free, open-source software Quantum GIS. The package is freely available for non-commercial use in research, education, and operation in Antarctica.
Joint Norwegian and Japanese Commitment to Polar Research
The Norwegian Polar Institute (NPI) and the Japanese National Institute for Polar Research (NIPR) chose today to strengthen their cooperation on polar research in the Arctic and Antarctic.