Climate and climate change
The word ”climate” denotes a statistical summary of weather patterns over a certain span of time (often 30 years). Twenty per cent of the earth has a polar climate, which means that the area is characterised by cold summers and no month of the year has an average temperature exceeding 10°C. Climate change denotes changes in major weather patterns over a long time-scale, and results from both natural variability and the influence of human activities.
The causes underlying climate change are complex and include many different feedback mechanisms that either enhance or counteract climate change. In polar regions, changes observed in sea ice, snow cover and glaciers can provide knowledge about climate change.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
Climate research at the Norwegian Polar Institute focuses especially on sea ice, glaciers, oceanography and marine ecosystems, and much of the research is coordinated through the Centre for Ice, Climate and Ecosystems (ICE).
Latest articles on climate
The Green Arctic – Plants as cornerstones in terrestrial ecosystems
Research gives new knowledge about the Atlantic overturning circulation
Scientist Laura de Steur of the Norwegian Polar Institute and her colleague Femke de Jong have done research that contributes to understanding the process of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC).
Institute Director featured in documentary on climate change
Director of the Norwegian Polar Institute, Dr. Jan-Gunnar Winther, participated in a two-part documentary on climate change, "Warmer", which premiered on the ABS-CBN News Channel in the Philippines 28 March 2016.
Polar bears in Svalbard in good condition – so far
The Norwegian Polar Institute has carried out a counting of polar bears in Svalbard. The results show that there are probably more polar bears than the last time the bears were counted.